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Future Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region and Environmental Impacts  

Jouni Räisänen

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The warming of the global climate is expected to continue in the 21st century, although the magnitude of change depends on future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and the sensitivity ... More

The Great Green Wall in the Sahel  

Cheikh Mbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance, ... More

Impact of Land–Atmosphere Interactions on Sahel Climate  

Yongkang Xue

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Sahel of Africa has been identified as having the strongest land–atmosphere (L/A) interactions on Earth. The Sahelian L/A interaction studies started in the late 1970s. However, due to ... More

Land–Climate Interaction Over the Tibetan Plateau  

Yongkang Xue, Yaoming Ma, and Qian Li

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) is the largest and highest plateau on Earth. Due to its elevation, it receives much more downward shortwave radiation than other areas, which results in very ... More

The Late Pleistocene-Holocene African Humid Period as Evident in Lakes  

Jonathan Holmes and Philipp Hoelzmann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
From the end of the last glacial stage until the mid-Holocene, large areas of arid and semi-arid North Africa were much wetter than present, during the interval that is known as the ... More

Mineral Dust Generation across Northern Africa and Its Impacts  

Peter Knippertz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Mineral dust is the most important natural aerosol type by mass, with northern Africa the most prominent source region worldwide. Dust particles are lifted into the atmosphere by strong ... More

Modeling of Regional Climate over the Tibetan Plateau  

Yanhong Gao and Deliang Chen

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The modeling of climate over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) started with the introduction of Global Climate Models (GCMs) in the 1950s. Since then, GCMs have been developed to simulate ... More

Poland’s Climate in the Last Millennium  

Rajmund Przybylak

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The reconstruction of climate in Poland in the past millennium, as measured by several kinds of proxy data, is more complete than that of many other regions in Europe and the world. In ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Eastern Africa  

Thomas C. Johnson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The people of East Africa are particularly vulnerable to the whims of their regional climate. A rapidly growing population depends heavily on rain-fed agriculture, and when the rains ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Southern Africa  

David S. G. Thomas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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