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The Late Pleistocene-Holocene African Humid Period as Evident in Lakes  

Jonathan Holmes and Philipp Hoelzmann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
From the end of the last glacial stage until the mid-Holocene, large areas of arid and semi-arid North Africa were much wetter than present, during the interval that is known as the ... More

Mineral Dust Generation across Northern Africa and Its Impacts  

Peter Knippertz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Mineral dust is the most important natural aerosol type by mass, with northern Africa the most prominent source region worldwide. Dust particles are lifted into the atmosphere by strong ... More

Poland’s Climate in the Last Millennium  

Rajmund Przybylak

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The reconstruction of climate in Poland in the past millennium, as measured by several kinds of proxy data, is more complete than that of many other regions in Europe and the world. In ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Eastern Africa  

Thomas C. Johnson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The people of East Africa are particularly vulnerable to the whims of their regional climate. A rapidly growing population depends heavily on rain-fed agriculture, and when the rains ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Southern Africa  

David S. G. Thomas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Regional Climate Modeling and Air-Sea Coupling  

Corinna Schrum

Regional models were originally developed to serve weather forecasting and regional process studies. Typical simulations encompass time periods in the order of days or weeks. Thereafter ... More

The Development of Climate Science of the Baltic Sea Region  

Anders Omstedt

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Theory and Modeling of the African Humid Period and the Green Sahara  

Martin Claussen, Anne Dallmeyer, and Jürgen Bader

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
There is ample evidence from palaeobotanic and palaeoclimatic reconstructions that during early and mid-Holocene between some 11,700 years (in some regions, a few thousand years earlier) ... More

Vegetation at the Time of the African Humid Period  

Anne-Marie Lézine

Online publication date:
May 2017
An orbitally induced increase in summer insolation during the last glacial-interglacial transition enhanced the thermal contrast between land and sea, with land masses heating up compared ... More

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