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Vegetation at the Time of the African Humid Period  

Anne-Marie Lézine

Online publication date:
May 2017
An orbitally induced increase in summer insolation during the last glacial-interglacial transition enhanced the thermal contrast between land and sea, with land masses heating up compared ... More

Ecohydrological Concepts of Water-Vegetation Interaction in the Drylands of Africa  

A. Johannes Dolman, Luis U. Vilasa-Abad, and Thomas A. J. Janssen

Online publication date:
May 2017
Drylands cover around 40% of the land surface on Earth and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people, who are directly dependent on these lands. Drylands are characterized by a highly ... More

Changes in African Glaciers since the 19th Century  

Stefan Hastenrath

Online publication date:
May 2017
In equatorial East Africa, glaciers still exist on Mount Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Ruwenzori. The decreasing ice extent has been documented by field reports since the end of the 19th century ... More

The Late Pleistocene-Holocene African Humid Period as Evident in Lakes  

Jonathan Holmes and Philipp Hoelzmann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
From the end of the last glacial stage until the mid-Holocene, large areas of arid and semi-arid North Africa were much wetter than present, during the interval that is known as the ... More

Evolving Paradigms of Climatic Processes and Atmospheric Circulation Affecting Africa  

Sharon Nicholson

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Classic paradigms describing meteorological phenomena and climate have changed dramatically over the last half-century. This is particularly true for the continent of Africa. Our ... More

Elevation-dependent Climate Change in the Tibetan Plateau  

Xiaodong Liu and Libin Yan

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
As a unique and high gigantic plateau, the Tibetan Plateau (TP) is sensitive and vulnerable to global climate change, and its climate change tendencies and the corresponding impact on ... More

Dynamics of the Indian Summer Monsoon Climate  

B.N. Goswami and Soumi Chakravorty

Lifeline for about one-sixth of the world’s population in the subcontinent, the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) is an integral part of the annual cycle of the winds (reversal of winds with ... More

Climate and Health across Africa  

Benjamin F. Zaitchik

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead ... More

Changes in Precipitation Over West Africa During Recent Centuries  

Stefan Norrgård

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Water, not temperature, governs life in West Africa, and the region is both temporally and spatially greatly affected by rainfall variability. Recent rainfall anomalies, for example, have ... More

Theory and Modeling of the African Humid Period and the Green Sahara  

Martin Claussen, Anne Dallmeyer, and Jürgen Bader

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
There is ample evidence from palaeobotanic and palaeoclimatic reconstructions that during early and mid-Holocene between some 11,700 years (in some regions, a few thousand years earlier) ... More

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