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Modeling of Regional Climate over the Tibetan Plateau  

Yanhong Gao and Deliang Chen

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The modeling of climate over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) started with the introduction of Global Climate Models (GCMs) in the 1950s. Since then, GCMs have been developed to simulate ... More

Land–Climate Interaction Over the Tibetan Plateau  

Yongkang Xue, Yaoming Ma, and Qian Li

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) is the largest and highest plateau on Earth. Due to its elevation, it receives much more downward shortwave radiation than other areas, which results in very ... More

Future Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region and Environmental Impacts  

Jouni Räisänen

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The warming of the global climate is expected to continue in the 21st century, although the magnitude of change depends on future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and the sensitivity ... More

Desertification and Re-Greening of the Sahel  

Rasmus Fensholt, Cheikh Mbow, Martin Brandt, and Kjeld Rasmussen

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In the past 50 years, human activities and climatic variability have caused major environmental changes in the semi-arid Sahelian zone and desertification/degradation of arable lands is of ... More

Climate, History, and Social Change in Sweden and the Baltic Sea Area From About 1700  

Sven Lilja

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The growing concern about global warming has turned focus in Sweden and other Baltic countries toward the connection between history and climate. Important steps have been taken in the ... More

The Great Green Wall in the Sahel  

Cheikh Mbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance, ... More

Vegetation at the Time of the African Humid Period  

Anne-Marie Lézine

Online publication date:
May 2017
An orbitally induced increase in summer insolation during the last glacial-interglacial transition enhanced the thermal contrast between land and sea, with land masses heating up compared ... More

Ecohydrological Concepts of Water-Vegetation Interaction in the Drylands of Africa  

A. Johannes Dolman, Luis U. Vilasa-Abad, and Thomas A. J. Janssen

Online publication date:
May 2017
Drylands cover around 40% of the land surface on Earth and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people, who are directly dependent on these lands. Drylands are characterized by a highly ... More

Changes in African Glaciers since the 19th Century  

Stefan Hastenrath

Online publication date:
May 2017
In equatorial East Africa, glaciers still exist on Mount Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Ruwenzori. The decreasing ice extent has been documented by field reports since the end of the 19th century ... More

The Late Pleistocene-Holocene African Humid Period as Evident in Lakes  

Jonathan Holmes and Philipp Hoelzmann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
From the end of the last glacial stage until the mid-Holocene, large areas of arid and semi-arid North Africa were much wetter than present, during the interval that is known as the ... More

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