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Aerosols and Climate  

Bjørn H. Samset

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Among the factors that affect the climate, few are as diverse and challenging to understand as aerosols. Minute particles suspended in the atmosphere, aerosols are emitted through a wide ... More

Changes in Precipitation over Southern Africa during Recent Centuries  

David Nash

Precipitation levels in southern Africa exhibit a marked east–west gradient and are characterized by strong seasonality and high interannual variability. Much of the mainland south of 15°S ... More

Climate Change and Carbon Cycle Feedbacks  

Pierre Friedlingstein

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Climate and carbon cycle are tightly coupled on many time scales, from the interannual to the multimillennial. Observation always shows a positive feedback between climate and the carbon ... More

Climate Change and Geopolitics  

Simon Dalby

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Climate Change and Migration  

Silja Klepp

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The topic of climate change and migration attracts a strong following from the media and produces an increase in academic literature and reports from international governmental ... More

Communicating About Climate Change, Carbon Taxes, and Tradable Emission Programs  

Erick Lachappelle

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Countering Climate Science Denial and Communicating Scientific Consensus  

John Cook

Scientific agreement on climate change has strengthened over the past few decades, with around 97% of publishing climate scientists agreeing that human activity is causing global warming. ... More

The Evolution of International Policy on REDD+  

Margaret M. Skutsch

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The clean development mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol did not cover projects to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries. The reasons were in part technical (the ... More

The Great Green Wall in the Sahel  

Cheikh Mbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance, ... More

Likely Effects of Rapid Climate Change on Violence and Conflict  

Courtney Plante, Johnie J. Allen, and Craig A. Anderson

Given the dire nature of many researchers’ predictions about the effects of global climate change (e.g., rising sea levels, droughts, more extreme weather), it comes as little surprise ... More

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