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Adaptation to Current and Future Climate in Pastoral Communities Across Africa  

Edna Wangui

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Pastoralists around the world are exposed to climate change and increasing climate variability. Various downscaled regional climate models in Africa support community reports of rising ... More

Changes in African Glaciers since the 19th Century  

Stefan Hastenrath

Online publication date:
May 2017
In equatorial East Africa, glaciers still exist on Mount Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Ruwenzori. The decreasing ice extent has been documented by field reports since the end of the 19th century ... More

Changes in Precipitation over Southern Africa during Recent Centuries  

David Nash

Precipitation levels in southern Africa exhibit a marked east–west gradient and are characterized by strong seasonality and high interannual variability. Much of the mainland south of 15°S ... More

Changes in Precipitation Over West Africa During Recent Centuries  

Stefan Norrgård

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Water, not temperature, governs life in West Africa, and the region is both temporally and spatially greatly affected by rainfall variability. Recent rainfall anomalies, for example, have ... More

Climate and Health across Africa  

Benjamin F. Zaitchik

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead ... More

Climate Change Scenarios and African Climate Change  

Kerry H. Cook

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Accurate projections of climate change under increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas levels are needed to evaluate the environmental cost of anthropogenic emissions, and to guide mitigation ... More

Climate, History, and Social Change in Sweden and the Baltic Sea Area From About 1700  

Sven Lilja

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The growing concern about global warming has turned focus in Sweden and other Baltic countries toward the connection between history and climate. Important steps have been taken in the ... More

Climate of Eastern Africa  

Pierre Camberlin

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Eastern Africa, classically presented as a major dry climate anomaly region in the otherwise wet equatorial belt, is a transition zone between the monsoon domains of West Africa and the ... More

Climate of Southern Africa  

C.J.C. Reason

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Southern Africa extends from the equator to about 34°S and is essentially a narrow, peninsular land mass bordered to its south, west, and east by oceans. Its termination in the mid-ocean ... More

Climate of the Mediterranean and North Africa  

Ricardo García Herrera and David Barriopedro

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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